Friday, 27 February 2015

5 rules to crack UPSC IAS Exam 2015; plan the next 180 days

IAS Exam 2015

Your 6 months preparation plan for Indian Administrative Service (IAS) prelims should be ready by now. If not, then plan it as per the tips given below and get sure shot success in civil services exam 2015.
1. Revise two times before exam: Plan your studies carefully. Adequate time should be kept for revision. Both General Studies and Aptitude sections should be revised atleast twice, one week before the exam.
2. Focus on ecology, environment, art and culture:  A large number of questions come from ecology, environment and art & culture. These areas should be prepared in detail from the best available sources.
3. Solve mock test papers: Candidates should attend mock tests and solve previous year papers. This will increase the accuracy and speed significantly. It also helps in picking out the most appropriate option in the exam.
4. Get your basics clear: In the changed pattern, the stress is more on the concept clarity rather than simply mugging up the data. The prelims-2015 is still six months away; candidates must devote good time in understanding the basics.
5. Candidates from non-MBA and non-Engineering background should devote good time in preparing for CSAT paper as it has more weightage and becomes a game-changer for clearing preliminary round. 
Candidates from MBA and Engineering background should not be careless about CSAT paper as the CSAT paper is quite different in approach and content from the MBA exams.
All the best!
Exam tips courtesy: CA Mohit Agarwal, Cleared prelims 2014

Know it from the recruiters: 5 qualities that will definitely get you that dream job

Ever wondered what is that one thing that will definitely get you the job? Well, it can vary from confidence to your style of problem solving, from your resume to the attitude you carry. Here we bring to you the experts' opinion on 'What exactly do they look for, while recruiting?'
1. Schneider Electric India, Rachna Mukherjee: Quality - Domain knowledge
The most essential aspect in a job applicant is the candidate's domain knowledge. Candidate's domain knowledge is very crucial while hiring, because stronger the knowledge, the easier it is for him/ her to assimilate into the team and start contributing to the deliverables says Rachna Mukherjee, Chief Human Resources Officer, Schneider Electric India
2. India Today Group, Megha Chaturvedi: Quality - Body Language
According to Megha Chaturvedi, India Today Group, special focus is on body language. She says, "I meet aspirants who come for the interview, after coming late with tittered clothes they relax on the chair, lay back and respond to the questions." She also says such interviews don't even last for 5 minutes because of obvious reasons
3. Aptara, Gaurav Maurya: Quality - Grammar
Gaurav Maurya, who works at Aptara which is a books publishing organisation says, "While this quality is quite subjective and sometimes differ from profession to profession. Also, this certainly might not be a criteria for a job in the designing or IT but might just be a very crucial quality for the media industry. One does not really look for supreme grammar but manageable and correct usage works with/ for everyone."
4. Goldman Sachs, Ankur Khare: Quality - Ability to learn
The prime quality that the interviewer tries to find in the interviewee is his/ her ability to learn. As per Ankur Khare, VP at Goldman Sachs who once went for recruitment emphasized on confidence, problem solving skills and the ability to learn are the qualities that defined his selection
5. Emaar MGF Land Ltd, Arman Chaudhary: Quality - Absence on Social Media
The key will be to reach out to passive candidates, i.e. those who are not active on social networks or job sites. They are the stable, consistent performers who prefer staying away from solicitations/offers online, says Arman Chaudhary, Head-HR, Emaar MGF Land Ltd
While every recruiter looks for knowledge, confidence, skills and many more, the prime focus always counts on the overall package. So go ahead and make yourself one to land into that dream job which you always wanted!

You may be interested in the following book:



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Thursday, 26 February 2015

CS Professional exam results declared: top 3 rank holders

The result for Company Secretaryship(CS) Professional Exam (new syllabus and old syllabus) has been announced by Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI). The result can be checked on the official website, the link for which is:
The top three rank holders are listed below:
Old Syllabus:
BALAJI N: 269640
New Syllabus:
TANVI JAIN: 417921
The All India provisional merit list has also been released by the organisation and is available on the official website.
ICSI will also provide a result-cum-marks statement in a physical form to the candidates. In case, the candidates are dissatisfied with the marks, they can challenge their answer sheets and apply for the verification of the marks within 30 days of the announcement of result.
CS exams are bifurcated into three parts:
Foundation Programme;
Executive Programme;
Professional Programme
Also, the ICSI has announced the results for the CS (Executive) programme held in December 2014.
For details on ICSI CS (Executive) December Result, candidates should click here:
About ICAI:
Established on July 1, 1949 as a body corporate under the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 enacted by the Parliament (acting as the provisional Parliament of India) to regulate the profession of Chartered Accountancy in India, ICAI is the second largest professional accounting body in the world in terms of membership second only to American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.

CBSE board exams: 5 days to go

The Central Board of Secondary Education boards are just five days away. Class 12 and class 10 exams will commence together from March 2. While class 10 first assessment will be Dynamics Retail/technology/security/automobile/tourism, class 12 will have its English elective on the very first day.

Admit cards have already been released. Class 10 and class 12 have its exams end on March 26 and April 20 respectively. The students have been provided with enough gap between the exams for revision.
Students can visit the official link of CBSE to review the examination schedule though they would have been provided with one.
With just five days left, students need to buck up with their remaining syllabus. Some of the things should be taken care of-
  1. In the days left they should not take anything new to learn.
  2. Plan accordingly the way they are going to attempt the question papers.
  3. 6 hours sleep is mandatory for the students as it will relax their mind.
  4. Drink a lot of water to energise your body.
  5. Take sample papers to solve and set the time in which you want to finish them. This will increase your speed.
  6. Manage the remaining time slot and go for walk in the evening or morning to refresh your mind.
  7. On the eve of exam, check your stationery and admit card properly.

COURSE CURSOR - Mapping masters

COURSE CURSOR - Mapping masters

From the exploration of oil fields in the distant regions of the Arctic to tracking wildlife species in vast natural reserves, geospatial technology has facilitated exploration of land and water with satellite based tracking devices and other surveying equipment.
Although the field is dominated by the use of sophisticated technology, including GPS, GIS and other remote-sensing equipment, there is still a great demand for professionals who not only understand the nuances of geospatial data collection, but can also work their way around these equipment to analyse geospatial data.

The School of Geographic and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland, through the one-year MSc in Geospatial and Mapping Sciences, trains students in the nuances of collecting such data by leveraging various equipment. The course puts students through a host of compulsory core modules, including engineering surveying, hydrographic surveying, land surveying principles and methods and principles of GIS. The optional modules include photogrammetry, remote sensing, terrain modelling, terrestrial laser scanning, etc.
Read more... 


Tuesday, 24 February 2015

University of Calcutta ties up with Webster University

Students from the University of Calcutta will now be able to opt for short-term courses in US based Webster University's Thailand campus.

The two institutes signed a two-year Memorandum of Understanding recently that will enable students from the state to avail short-term courses and do collaborative research projects.

Webster's rector Ratish Thakur said they want Calcutta University students to come and explore ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) in terms of culture, religion, politics, business and NGOs.

"The potential is limitless. It will be a good opportunity for Webster students to come to Calcutta and get knowledge about Buddhist studies. We hope they can take advantage and sent professors to lecture at Webster campus in Thailand," he said.

Calcutta University's Vice Chancellor Suranjan Das said this agreement will help promote study areas that are non-science and technical in nature.

They will concentrate in three major areas Buddhist studies, south-east Asian studies and foreign policy and international relations. The MoU also has the provision for exchanges of staff and students, joint workshops seminars and other educational events, staff development, programme support, etc.

Webster has a network of nearly 100 campuses across the globe including one in Thailand.

They will concentrate in three major areas Buddhist studies, south-east Asian studies and foreign policy and international relations. The MoU also has the provision for exchanges of staff and students, joint workshops seminars and other educational events, staff development, programme support, etc.

IMT Ghaziabad placements 2015 concluded for PGDM program

IMT Ghaziabad concluded its placements 2015 for PGDM-DCP (Dual country) program. Placements saw a huge response from the industry. Top recruiters for campus placement including HCL, Sharaf DG, Google, Microsoft, Cognizant, Accenture, Bank of America.

Institute of Management Technology (IMT) Ghaziabad’s Post Graduate Diploma in Management Program (Dual Country Program) had 200 students who were placed in this placement season.
Average package in the placements 2015 at IMT Ghaziabad for PGDM-dcp was of Rs. 8.86 lac, the highest domestic pay package has been offered of Rs. 23 lacs per annum which is excellent keeping the grim job market in mind.

Dual-Country Program is designed to provide adequate information and skills to the future managers by facilitating and encouraging the application of specific skill-sets in a real-time global work environment. During the program, students spend their 1st year in IMT Dubai and 2nd year (specializations) at IMT Ghaziabad. While the 1st year opens the students to a global outlook, the 2nd year lets them understand the nuances of Indian business culture, which shores up their professional mettle. This exposes the students to the best of both the worlds and thus transforms them into global citizens who are equipped to excel in the most challenging global environments.

Immense scope for research in Biotechnology

In Biotechnology, new areas of study and research emerge continuously.
In Biotechnology, new areas of study and research emerge continuously.
In the previous article, we had highlighted the salient aspects of Biotechnology in very broad terms. Research areas in Biotechnology include genomics, bioinformatics, plant and animal biotechnology, medical biotechnology, environment and biodiversity, biofuels, product and process development, bio-instrumentation, human resource development, and biosafety.
Attention should be laid on aspects such as enhancing the knowledge base, generating highly skilled human resource, nurturing leads of potential utility, and bringing bio-products to the marketplace. The wide network of bioinformatics would help in sharing and exchanging information at the global level as well.

 ============= Book on Sciences > Life Sciences > Biotechnology =============

Research areas

The potential areas of research in Biotechnology are so vast and mind-boggling that it is not possible to make a comprehensive list. Further, new areas of study emerge continuously. However, an indicative list is furnished here, so as to give a feeling of the possibilities.
Agriculture: Transgenics of rice, wheat, cotton, potato, and vegetables. Higher productivity
Basic research: On all aspects of molecular biology, genetics, genomics, proteomics, and neurosciences
Bioengineering of crops for biofuels and bioenergy
Bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides
Bioinformatics: Algorithm design and development, software and tools for data mining and data warehousing applications. Strengthening infrastructure for handling complex and computationally intensive problems. Biological Data Curation, phylogenetics. Setting up dedicated network centres for developing data warehouses. Exploitation of microbial genome information. Training competent personnel.
Bioprospecting and Molecular Taxonomy: Prospecting, molecular characterisation and documentation of economically and ecologically important hotspots of biodiversity in the country.
Biosafety guidelines
Biotechnology for societal development: Implementing projects for massive employment generation
Development of diagnostics: For major diseases, genetic disorders, cancer, tuberculosis, HIV, malaria, and neurological disorders
Environment and biodiversity
Human Resource Development: Training teachers, technicians, scientists, industrialists, IPR experts, and so on covering biotechnology research and commercialisation.
Industry: More public-private partnerships for developing joint research and development programmes for commercially viable projects.
Infrastructure and institution development
Low-cost therapeutics: developing new vaccines, diagnostics, drugs and drug delivery system; to produce low-cost, small proteins and therapeutics using plants and animals as bioreactors
Marine resources
Medicinal and aromatic plants: introduction and marketing of herbal products
Herbal drugs and nutraceuticals. Genetic engineering of medicinal plants
Metabolic engineering: use of recombinant DNA technology
Neurosciences: neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and motor neuron disease, which would cover study of molecular genetics of these disorders. Neuro-AIDS, autism, and dyslexia. Neuro-informatics
Plant tissue culture: providing tissue culture technology at the grassroots level to cover the most plant rich regions of the country which need massive afforestation and wasteland recovery. Utilisation of tissue culture for enrichment of genetic diversity. Genetic manipulation of cell culture in forestry for disease resistance and reduction of regeneration time.
Vaccine research for major livestock diseases

 ============= Book on Sciences > Life Sciences > Biotechnology =============
Research centres in India

What follows is a list of centres in the country which offer facilities for research in Biotechnology.
Agharkar Research Institute, Pune (;
Anna University, Chennai (;
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (;
the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (;
Bose Institute, Kolkata (;
the Cochin University of Science and Technology (;
Delhi University Campus (;
Goa University (;
ICGEB : International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi (;
IIT, Kharagpur (;
IIT Roorkee (; the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata (;
the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru (;
Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow (;
Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, TIFR, Bengaluru (;
the Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal (;
the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi (;
the Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar (;
the Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh (;
Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru (;
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (;
Madurai Kamaraj University (;
the MS University of Baroda, Vadodara (;
National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow (;
National Centre for Cell Sciences, Pune (;
National Centre for Plant Genome Research, New Delhi (;
National Chemical Laboratory, Pune (;
National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur (;
the National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi (;
the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru (;
the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa (;
Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram (;
School of Biosciences, MG University, Kottayam (;
the SCMS Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kochi (;
the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (;
TERI University, New Delhi (;
the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru (;
the University of Calicut (;
the University of Delhi (;
the University of Kerala (; and
the Department of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics.
Some global centres

Harvard University, USA; Johns Hopkins University, USA; the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; Stanford University, USA; the University of California, Los Angeles, USA; the University of Cambridge, the U.K.; the University of London, the U.K.; the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA; the University of Tokyo, Japan; the University of Washington, Seattle, USA; Washington University, St. Louis, USA; and Yale University, New Haven, USA.
Some of the Biotechnology companies in India

Bharat Biotech, Hyderabad; Biocon, Bengaluru; Dr Reddy’s, Hyderabad; GlaxoSmithKline, Mumbai; Indian Immunologicals, Hyderabad; Krebs Biochemicals and Industries, Hyderabad; Monsanto, Mumbai; Nicholas Piramal, Mumbai; Novo Nordisk, Bengaluru; Panacea Biotec, New Delhi; Piramal Healthcare, Mumbai; Ranbaxy India, Gurgaon; Reliance Life Sciences, Navi Mumbai; Serum Institute of India, Pune; Sisco Research Labs, Mumbai; Wockhardt, Mumbai; and Zydus Cadila, Ahmedabad.

Monday, 23 February 2015

IIT JEE Advanced 2015: Syllabus for AAT

Candidates desirous of joining the B.Arch (Architecture) courses will have to qualify the Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT). Only those candidates who have secured an all India/category rank in JEE (Advanced) 2015 are eligible to appear for AAT in 2015.

The syllabus for Architectural Aptitude Test (AAT) is bifurcated into following parts:
Freehand drawing
Geometrical drawing
Three-dimensional perception
Imagination and aesthetic sensitivity
Architectural awareness

Freehand drawing: This would comprise of simple drawing depicting the total object in its right form and proportion, surface texture, relative location and details of its component parts in appropriate scale. Common domestic or day-to-day life usable objects like furniture, equipment, etc., from memory

Geometrical drawing: Exercises in geometrical drawing containing lines, angles, triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, circles etc. Study of plan (top view), elevation (front or side views) of simple solid objects like prisms, cones, cylinders, cubes, splayed surface holders etc.

Three-dimensional perception: Understanding and appreciation of three-dimensional forms with building elements, colour, volume and orientation. Visualization through structuring objects in memory

Imagination and aesthetic sensitivity: Composition exercise with given elements. Context mapping. Creativity check through innovative uncommon test with familiar objects.Sense of colour grouping or application

Architectural awareness: General interest and awareness of famous architectural creations - both national and international, places and personalities (architects, designers, etc.) in the related domain

Thursday, 19 February 2015

How to prepare for CBSE board exam in less than 2 weeks

Hardly two weeks remain before CBSE Board exams begin. There is so much to prepare and so little time. You have studied a lot but also seem to forget a lot. You are tense. But don't worry. We share the 3 Rules to crack the toughest exam effectively and quickly.
1. Have a plan of study ready. Do not make it very complex.
Simply list down all major topics and sub-topics of a particular subject on a sheet of paper. Or use table of contents of a good book on the subject. You will be ticking off whatever is completed.
One tick for those topics that you studied reasonably well.
Two ticks where you also practiced and are quite confident.
Three ticks for those where you performed another revision and consider yourself an expert.
Your target is to have as many three-ticks as possible before the exam.
2. First thing in morning, decide targets for the day. Do not take more than 2 minutes for this.
3. Take a short target for next 25 minutes, one specific topic. Don't think beyond 25 minutes at a time.
To gain maximum out of the above 3 Rules you have to follow some recommended daily routine.
  • Take small break of few minutes every 40 minutes. Stretch lightly for half a minute during the breaks.
  • Maintain a regular sleep pattern. Leave study at least 30 minutes before sleep. During these 30 minutes, wash your limbs and face, settle down, close your eyes, relax your mind, allow it to drift wherever it feels like, gradually speak reaffirmations to yourself and allow yourself into a wonderful sleep.
  • Unless really necessary, avoid caffeine. They may lengthen your waking time. But they can also disturb your sleep, reduce grasping capacity of brain, and make you feel tired when you wake up next day. Instead of tea or coffee, have lemon water or green tea.
  • Avoid TV, films, chatting, long phone calls, social media unless absolutely necessary. These will tire your brain. Speak less with others. Allow your brain to spend time with yourself.
  • Play music, or sing, or dance, or simply meditate during the short study breaks.  
  • We are sure these rules and its recommended schedule will help you crack CBSE Board exam 2015 with flying colors.  All the Best!

    Wednesday, 18 February 2015

    CBSE Board Exams: time for parents to RELAX

    No TV, no phones, no talking, no hanging out with friends, in short, nothing else than the books- this must be the instructions given by the parents, whose children are appearing for boards this year.
    Board exam, for all of us, is one of the most dreaded exams. Not only because we presume that the marks will shape future, but also we have a lot of parental and societal pressure to score well. This year, parents who are planning to take a week long break to sit with their kids should first read the following instructions to keep the exam stress at bay -
    Be understanding: Parents are required to be encouraging, supporting, appreciative and understanding rather than being followers of the race for the nineties. Keeping in mind the number of distractions that we have these days, it's important to be vigilant but avoid making home a war zone
    Give them  a break: Taking breaks while studying is normal. Studying for a long time without any break will build more stress and pressure. "I took my daughter out for an ice cream break on a day before her first exam," said Rama Sharma, Public Relation Officer, CBSE, whose two daughters have passed the board exams. " Being somebody from inside the board, I never let the pressure affect my kids. I understand my child's capability and never push her to perform beyond that'', added Rama 

    Say no to high expectations:
    It is important to realize your child's capability and interest. Unreasonably high expectations from parents and society are the causes for stress and hypertension in today's youth
    Talk to them:  Keep telling them to revise the mantra of- ' I will give my best' and half of the tension will vanish. ''I keep talking to him whenever he needs me around. I sit with him and prepare his timetable for a day. Sometimes we even discuss randomly anything other than the exams." says Rajesh Sharma whose son is appearing for board exams this year

    It's just another exam!:
    Success and failure are the two sides of the same coin. While it's important to score good marks but failing doesn't mean the end of the world. Remember, board exam are the first exams of your life, and not the last. ''Going with the need hierarchy model, the need for doing good and getting good in return is very much there. But having said that, there is also a need to accept board exam as a normal phase or part of life and not an ultimate aim of your life", concludes Amanpreet Kaur, Ph.D Scholar and Junior consultant

    Monday, 16 February 2015

    Govt moots KG to PG institutions

    NEW DELHI: The government could roll out an ambitious programme of setting up of 'kindergarten to post graduate' institutions in educationally-backward districts of the country.

    The proposal is under consideration of the HRD Ministry and could find mention in the Union Budget to be tabled on February 28, sources in the ministry said. While the concept is not new to the education sector and such institutions exist in some states, the ministry seeks to make the most out of it offering education to the deprived lot who have to migrate to distant places and big cities to pursue higher education, they said.

    A student enrolling into kindergarten in such institutions enjoy admission preferences as they are promoted from school education to higher education under one roof.

    Jamia Milia Islamia, Viswa Bharati and Banasthali universities are few such institutions.

    The Chhattisgarh government had also announced plans to set up such institutions for promoting tribal education in the state.

    The sources said the complexes could be set up under the PPP mode on a 50:50 cost sharing basis between the government and private players investing in the education sector. The state government could also be asked to provide land free of cost.

    Meanwhile, the government is also understood to have been planning to raise the education cess to two per cent from one per cent at present, mopping up some Rs 14,000 crore annually to fund the expanding education sector and funding the new IITs and IIMs.

    Saturday, 14 February 2015

    Special Offer during the New Delhi World Book Fair 2015.

    No braille textbooks for sightless college students in Odisha

    BERHAMPUR: Absence of braille textbooks have forced sightless college students in Odisha to depend on either audio tapes or reading assistants.

    No braille textbooks for sightless college students in Odisha
    The problem is plaguing round 200 blind students studying in various colleges of the state, Bijay Kumar Rath of Odisha Blind Society said on Wednesday.
    "We are facing much difficulty to prepare for examinations due to lack of braille books. Quite often, we are unable to pick up what reading assistants dictate to us," said Krushna Chandra Moharana, a second year student of Khallikote Autonomous College here.

    The problem is plaguing round 200 blind students studying in various colleges of the state, Bijay Kumar Rath of Odisha Blind Society said on Wednesday.

    The state has only one braille press here. Printing braille books for college students is difficult as syllabi are different for universities, manager of Louise Braille Press Prakash Narayan Rath said.

    "We will try to produce textbooks for college students from next year as the government has decided to make syllabus uniform for universities," he added.

    Friday, 13 February 2015

    Don't just cram : Systematic study for the board exams can help you face the challenge. Some tips.

    Students preparing for exams. Photo: K. Pichumani
    Students preparing for exams. Photo: K. Pichumani

    Systematic study for the board exams can help you face the challenge. Some tips.

    The board exam timetable is pasted on the wall in front and you are wondering, “Is my study plan good enough?” Your school helps you with preparation, but you have doubts: What should I concentrate on — short or long-answer-questions, text or diagrams, main subjects or languages? How do I remember all the points? Will I be able to complete the paper? Will I have time to revise? How do I manage time before and during the exams?
    These are important questions in this career-defining race. But do not worry. Following a few simple tips can help you prepare and answer papers in a way that will enable you to secure good marks.
    Gearing up
    Write the exam with a clear mind and confidence. Avoid distractions. If you are not studying, go through in your mind what you studied, tick off the points mentally or recite an equation. To stay fresh, eat food that can be digested easily. Find activities to de-stress, like yoga, music or walks in a park or beach. Take small breaks (15 minutes) while studying. If you are feeling sleepy, take a nap, wash your face, drink a glass of cold water and get back to studies.
    Adopt a three-way strategy: Study, solve question banks and answer sample papers. It is important to be thorough with the numericals in the textbook, since the ones in the question paper could resemble these. Do sample papers without a break to see whether you can sit continuously for three hours. To manage time, check how long you took to answer each question. Keep track of where you get stuck — like essay writing, steps in math, etc — so that you can focus on improving those sections. Written practice is also very important.
    Plan of action
    Chalk out a well-laid timetable for preparation by allotting ample time for each subject. Try to cover every topic and chapter. There is very little chance of questions coming from outside the textbook. Allot time for subjects depending on how much you know and how vast the syllabus it.
    You can also reverse the order of preparation — the last few exams first and the first exam closer to the date. Practise diagrams, graphs and tables and make sure they are neatly labelled. For chemistry, practise conversions, the main reactions and logic questions. Solve 10 question papers from the previous years to figure out the exam pattern and popular questions.
    Prepare flash cards with formulae, theorems and definitions. Write formulae, notes and dates in bright colours on chart paper and put them up on the wall. Ask someone at home to quiz you on those and check how quickly you can recall them.
    Take out time for group study with serious friends. You can have doubts cleared and get valuable study-method tips. For clarity, maintain separate notebooks for each subject where you can jot down important points, formulae, solved exercises. These notes will help you quickly revise before specific exams. Do not compare your pre-board test marks with that of other students. Take these board exams as a fresh start and concentrate on your preparation.
    Exam time
    Reach the examination hall a little early. Make sure you are carrying all the important things: admit card, pen, pencil, eraser, instrument box, etc. Once you are seated, put everything out neatly, stay calm and say a prayer if you want. Be alert and read the questions carefully. Misinterpretation of questions can be quite damaging. Start with the ones that you are more confident with. Once you have completed the easier and moderate ones, attempt the others, but don’t mix the sections. If you can’t remember an answer, do not panic and move on to the next one. Answers have a way of springing to mind if your preparation is thorough.
    Choose numerical over theoretical questions and find shorter methods to solve them. You would know the answers, but presenting them well is very important. Write neatly and underline concepts to make it easy for the examiner to find answer points. Write clear answers keeping them short, unambiguous, direct and simple. No examiner likes to scratch his/her head to figure out what’s written. Remember to leave some time for revision at the end and re-check the paper carefully.
    Health tips
    You may sleep late and get up late in the morning during preparation time. But will it work when the exams are on? Examinations are scheduled for early morning hours, so correct your routine. Go to bed early and wake up early. Get up around 4 a.m. for a round of revision. Set your body clock in order.
    Ensure at least six hours of sound sleep a day. A rested mind is in a better state to grasp the questions. If you can’t sleep, drink a glass of warm milk boiled with athimathuram (liquorice) before going to bed.
    Chitra Ravi of EZ Vidya says, “Regular and consistent study helps more than bursts in the last mile. Sitting in silence for 15 minutes a day helps calm the mind. Mild music, scented candles can have a soothing effect on a racing mind.” She also advises students to get ample practice since it helps to improve speed and confidence, especially in math.
    Don’t just ‘read’ math problems, work them out. Remember, your syllabus is limited and there’s only so much one can test. Don’t discuss the paper soon after the exam — you have other exams coming up and it is important to stay focused. Enjoy the preparation and live the moment. “No matter what people say, it is only an examination. It is the beginning of your life in many ways and certainly not the end,” says Chitra.

    - Geeta Padmanabhan 

    Delhi Elections Results 2015: Top 7 Tweets after AAP's historical victory

    Delhi Elections Results 2015: Top 7 Tweets after AAP's historical victory

    Claiming a total of 67 seats out of the possible 70, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) won the Delhi Assembly Polls 2015.
    While Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) could get hold of only 3 seats, Congress was apparently out of the game.
    Here are the top 7 tweets in light of Arvind Kejriwal's landslide victory in the assembly elections 2015:
    1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi

     2. Kiran Bedi, who was BJP's CM candidate for the 2015 polls

    3. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister

     4. Sagarika Ghose, Journalist

     5. Paresh Rawal, Actor

    6. Neha Dhupia, Actor

    7. KRK, Actor



    Price: Rs. 595.00
    ISBN: 978-81-203-4977-3
    Pages: 780
    Binding: Paper Back
    Buy Now at
    Primarily intended for undergraduate engineering students of Electronics and Communication, Electronics and Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation, Computer Science and Information Technology, this book will also be useful for the students of BCA, B.Sc. (Electronics and CS), M.Sc. (Electronics and CS) and MCA.

    Digital Design is a student-friendly textbook for learning digital electronic fundamentals and digital circuit design. It is suitable for both traditional design of digital circuits and HDL based digital design. This well organised text gives a comprehensive view of Boolean logic, logic gates and combinational circuits, synchronous and asynchronous circuits, memory devices, semiconductor devices and PLDs, and HDL, VHDL and Verilog programming. Numerous solved examples are given right after conceptual discussion to provide better comprehension of the subject matter. VHDL programs along with simulation results are given for better understanding of VHDL programming.

    Key features
    Well labelled illustrations provide practical understanding of the concepts.
    GATE level MCQs with answers (along with detailed explanation wherever required) at the end of each chapter help students to prepare for competitive examinations.
    Short questions with answers and appropriate number of review questions at the end of each chapter are useful for the students to prepare for university exams and competitive exams.
    Separate chapters on VHDL and Verilog programming along with simulated results are included to enhance the programming skills of HDL.

    Preface • Acknowledgements

    Chapter 1      Number Systems
    Chapter 2      Boolean Algebra
    Chapter 3      Arithmetic Circuits
    Chapter 4      Combinational Circuits
    Chapter 5      Flip Flops
    Chapter 6      Registers
    Chapter 7      Counters
    Chapter 8      Synchronous Sequential Circuits 
    Chapter 9      Asynchronous Sequential Circuits 
    Chapter 10   Memory Devices
    Chapter 11   Logic Families of Digital Integrated Circuits
    Chapter 12   Algorithmic State Machine
    Chapter 13   Hardware Description Language—The VHDL
    Chapter 14   Hardware Description Language—The Verilog
    R. ANANDA NATARAJAN, PhD, is Professor, Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Pondicherry Engineering College, Puducherry. He is a fellow of Institution of Engineers (India) and member of Instrumentation Systems Automation (ISA) Society, USA. With more than two decades of teaching experience, Dr. Natarajan has published/presented several research papers in reputed national and international journals and conferences.
    2015 / 780pp. / 17.8 × 23.5 cm / ISBN-978-81-203-4977-3 / Rs.595.00
    PHI Learning Private Limited © 2011.
    For more information visit :



    Price: Rs. 495.00
    ISBN: 978-81-203-5087-8
    Pages: 528
    Binding: Paper Back
    Buy Now at
    This revised and updated text, now in its second edition, continues to present the theoretical concepts of methods of solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations. It equips students with the various tools and techniques to model different physical problems using such equations.

    The book discusses the basic concepts of ordinary and partial differential equations. It contains different methods of solving ordinary differential equations of first order and higher degree. It gives the solution methodology for linear differential equations with constant and variable coefficients and linear differential equations of second order. The text elaborates simultaneous linear differential equations, total differential equations, and partial differential equations along with the series solution of second order linear differential equations. It also covers Bessel’s and Legendre’s equations and functions, and the Laplace transform. Finally, the book revisits partial differential equations to solve the Laplace equation, wave equation and diffusion equation, and discusses the methods to solve partial differential equations using the Fourier transform. A large number of solved examples as well as exercises at the end of chapters help the students comprehend and strengthen the underlying concepts.

    The book is intended for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Mathematics (B.A./B.Sc., M.A./M.Sc.), and undergraduate students of all branches of engineering (B.E./B.Tech.), as part of their course in Engineering Mathematics.

    New to the SECOND Edition
    • Includes new sections and subsections such as applications of differential equations, special substitution (Lagrange and Riccati), solutions of non-linear equations which are exact, method of variation of parameters for linear equations of order higher than two, and method of undetermined coefficients
    • Incorporates several worked-out examples and exercises with their answers
    • Contains a new Chapter 19 on ‘Z-Transforms and its Applications’.

    1.    Introduction of Ordinary Differential Equation
    2.    Differential Equations of the First Order and First Degree
    3.    Differential Equations of First Order and of Higher Degree
    4.    Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients
    5.    Homogeneous Linear Differential Equations with Variable Coefficients
    6.    Exact Differential Equations and Differential Equations of Higher Order
    7.    Linear Differential Equations of Second Order
    8.    Simultaneous Linear Differential Equations
    9.    Total Differential Equations
    10.  Partial Differential Equations (PDE) of First Order
    11.  Linear Partial Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients
    12.  Partial Differential Equations of Order Two with Variable Coefficients
    13.  Power Series Method
    14.  Bessel’s Equation and Bessel’s Function
    15.  Legendre’s Equation and its Polynomials
    16.  Laplace Transform and its Applications
    17.  Applications of Partial Differential Equations of Order Two
    18.  Fourier Transforms and its Applications to Partial Differential Equations
    19. Z-Transforms and its Applications
    Nita H. Shah, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Mathematics, Gujarat University. She is a post-doctoral visiting fellow of University of New Brunswick, Canada, and visits many universities for research oriented programmes. Dr. Shah has published over 250 research articles in various national and international journals.
    2015 / 528pp. / 17.8 × 23.5 cm / ISBN-978-81-203-5087-8 / Rs.495.00
    PHI Learning Private Limited © 2011.
    For more information visit :

    Tuesday, 10 February 2015

    AAP vision for education in Delhi unveiled by Kejriwal

    Former chief minister Arvind Kejriwal unveiled the Aam Aadmi Party’s vision for education in Delhi on Saturday.
    Kejriwal delivered the keynote address at InspirED education conference organised by the Teach For India (TFI), at the St Stephen’s College in the morning.
    Important components of the AAP’s vision and agenda for improvement of education in the national capital outlined by Kejriwal include :   
    1)      500 new schools with special focus on building secondary and senior secondary schools to ensure that every Delhi child has easy access to a quality school. 

    2)  Expand the scope of Right to Education from pre-primary to Class 12. Make education free till Class 12.

    3)   Make headmasters the main pivot of schools. Give them financial and administrative powers and make them accountable.

    4)   Fill 17,000 vacant teacher posts with best teachers to reach full staff strength. Contractual posts will be regularized.

    5)  Build toilets and ensure high quality school infrastructure like light, fans, computers and buildings in each school. This will curb the biggest reason of dropout, especially for girls.

    6)  Improve the standard of education in government schools to that of the best private school and Kendriya Vidyalayas.

    7)  We will open and facilitate the opening of 20 new Delhi colleges and vocational training institutes, on the outskirts of Delhi by creating partnerships with our local villages.

    8)  AAP will promote vocational education and skill-development of Delhi's youth in schools and colleges, to bridge the real skill-gap in Delhi. We will create the Delhi Skill Mission that will enable the skilling of 1 lakh/year for the first 2 years, ramped up to 5 lakhs/year for the next 3 years of an AAP government.

    9) The government will encourage talent and start ups by setting up technological incubators in universities and colleges. Facilitate innovative and private startup accelarators to provide support to entrepreneurs. We will target to provide 3 million square feet of affordable Incubation space to begin with, and scale if the idea takes shape. Children will become job givers, not job seekers. We will give them incubation center spaces.

    10) 100% functioning School Management Committees should be formed. Currently, 70% SMCs have been formed but only in name. Parents should be made a principal signatory or vice-chairperson and elections aren’t being held. Parents, teachers, Class IV employees and administrators to be given administrative and functional powers. 50% of the members have to be women. SMC should be involved in the making of the School Development Plan.
    ·         Education cannot be a matter of charity, it has to be a matter of right.
    ·         Teachers have been reduced to clerks. They do everything but educate. We need to invest in teachers. We need to stop their exploitation. We need to give them higher salary.
    ·         A primary school teacher on contract is given Rs 13,500 p.m. We have made clerks out of our teachers.
    ·         Out of 5 lakh students taking admission in schools in Delhi only 2.5lakh pass 12th. Why?
    ·         Why is education not as big a priority as business or stockmarket ? If Bombay Stock exchange falls by 400 pts, its all over on media and politicians but why not so about education?
    ·         Education has to be a priority for all elected governments.
    ·         There are vested interest in education. Rs 48,500 crore of black money is given as donation each year.
    ·         Many private schools are owned by politicians, it is in their interest to ruin Govt school's education.
    ·         When people feel so strongly about education, value it. Why do political parties not even talk about it ? Education is not seen as development & governance, as an investment into human capital, so ignored by political parties.
    ·         Our dream is to make government schools in Delhi better than private schools in next 5 years.
    ·         The inspector raj in education should finish. Parents should be the judges, not inspectors.

    Modi invites students to share experiences in Mann ki Baat

    Prime Minister <a href="">Narendra Modi</a>Prime Minister Narendra ModiPrime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday invited students, teachers and parents to share their exam-related experiences for his monthly "Mann ki Baat" radio programme.
    "Was thinking about this month's radio programme and thought... why not share 'Mann Ki Baat' with students preparing for board and competitive exams," Modi said.
    The experiences would "inspire youngsters and even motivate them during exam preparation".
    "Like always, I will share some of your thoughts, inputs and anecdotes during the programme. Do share them here.," the prime minister added.
    The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) examinations will begin on March 2.
    On January 27, Modi jointly addressed his monthly radio programme with US President Barack Obama.

    AAP Manifesto - Education and Health

    HEALTH AND EDUCATION (Download pdf)

    1.   Health: Universal Access to all Citizens
    India’s public health system is in a crisis. A common man does not have access to good quality healthcare facilities, and one serious illness can throw a family into a serious financial crisis. Aam Aadmi Party is firmly committed to ensuring that every citizen of this country has access to high quality healthcare, irrespective of whether they are rich or poor.  Towards this AAP will:
                            i.         Introduce a comprehensive legislation ‘Right To Healthcare’ enabling access to high quality healthcare for all the citizens of the country irrespective of whether they are rich or poor. This would be along the lines of the Right to Education Act.
                          ii.         Improve accountability of public health systems towards its users by decentralization of funds, functions and functionaries to the appropriate level of local government.
                         iii.         Guarantee that all essential drugs are available on a regular basis to public health facilities and made available free to cost to the people. AAP will incentivize states to adopt a transparent procurement system for bulk procurement of generic drugs.
                        iv.         Improve the accountability of Private health providers by making it mandatory for private hospitals to display and observe a charter of patients’ rights and to display rates and charges of various services. Ensure that private healthcare subsidised by the government honour their commitment to the aam aadmi.
                          v.         AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) and local health traditions to have a significant role in public healthcare; greater public investment into research into these systems of medicine.
                        vi.         Investing in human resources by ensuring that all vacancies are filled at the Primary Health Centres; developing a well-trained cadre of frontline grassroots workers.

    2.   Education for All
    India’s government school system is in a pitiable condition and the aam aadmi does not have access to high quality education. And it is against this background that AAP – which is committed to the well-being of the last person as the touchstone for our policy and politics – affirms its commitment to ensuring the provision of truly equitable access to all sections of society, irrespective of their ability to pay. Towards this AAP will
                            i.         State provision of equitable access to high quality of education for all children (beginning with Early Childhood Care) irrespective of their ability to pay. Strengthening of public education system through adequate budgetary allocation and recruitment and capacity building of teachers and administrators.
                          ii.         Special provisions for girls, first-generation learners, students from poor families and socially disadvantaged communities so as to ensure total enrolment, check drop-outs, high quality learning and non-discrimination within schools and access to higher education facilities.
                         iii.         Involvement of the local community in the creation of a context-rooted curriculum and management of schools, with accountability of school/teachers to a local body like Gram Sabha or Mohalla Sabha
                        iv.         Context Relevant curriculum that is grounded both in the ethos of democracy, secularism, equity and justice as well as India’s diverse cultures and ways of life.
                          v.         Focus of education system on learning outcomes and not on inputs. Reform DIET, SCERT to focus on learning outcomes. Revamp teacher education system.
                        vi.         Adequate numbers of qualified teachers to appointed on a regular basis through a transparent selection process, to be compensated adequately, continuously trained and made accountable.
                       vii.         Establishing large numbers of ITIs for vocational training; provide opportunities and incentives to those trained in ITIs to establish their own enterprises.
                     viii.         Vocational and academic education to be integrated in the school curriculum. Support and development of vocational degrees in higher education. Greater funds to be committed by the government for public-funded higher education especially on improving the quality of State universities. Effective regulation of private institutions, on fees and quality of education.
                        ix.         Establish numerous world-class, public-funded institutions of Higher Education - like IIT, AIIMS, IISER, etc – to ensure that all talented students of the country, irrespective of their background get access to high quality education.
                          x.         Link higher education to opportunities for entrepreneurship by setting up incubation centres in institutions of higher education.
                        xi.         Roll back the Four Year Undergraduate Program (FYUP), which has been undemocratically introduced in Delhi University.



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